## Syllabus 2022-23 - 14012010 - Hydraulics (Hidráulica)

Caption
• Level 1: Tutorial support sessions, materials and exams in this language
• Level 2: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams and seminars in this language
• Level 3: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams, seminars and regular lectures in this language
 DEGREE: Grado en Ingeniería civil FACULTY: SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING OF LINARES ACADEMIC YEAR: 2022-23 COURSE: Hydraulics
SYLLABUS
1. COURSE BASIC INFORMATION
 NAME: Hydraulics CODE: 14012010 ACADEMIC YEAR: 2022-23 LANGUAGE: English LEVEL: 1 ECTS CREDITS: 4.5 YEAR: 2 SEMESTER: PC
2. LECTURER BASIC INFORMATION
 NAME: PÉREZ LATORRE, FRANCISCO JOSÉ DEPARTMENT: U121 - INGENIERÍA MECÁNICA Y MINERA FIELD OF STUDY: 600 - MECÁNICA DE FLUIDOS OFFICE NO.: D - 008 E-MAIL: fjperez@ujaen.es P: 953648526 WEBSITE: www.fluidsujaen.es ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6831-1380 LANGUAGE: - LEVEL: 1
3. CONTENT DESCRIPTION

SUBJECT 1: DEFINITIONS AND PRELIMINARY CONCEPTS

1.1.- SCOPE OF HYDRAULICS

1.2.- HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT

1.3.- DIMENSIONS AND UNITS

1.4.- BASIC CONCEPTS

SUBJECT 2: PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS

2.1.- DEFINITION OF FLUID. -

2.2.- DENSITY, SPECIFIC GRAVITY, SPECIFIC VOLUME AND RELATIVE DENSITY. 2.3.

2.3.- COMPRESSIBLE AND INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUIDS. - COMPRESSIBILITY OF LIQUIDS

2.7.- VISCOSITY.

2.8. SURFACE TENSION

SUBJECT 3: HYDROSTATICS

3.1.- INTRODUCTION.

3.1.1.- Concept of equilibrium.

3.2.- VARIATION OF PRESSURE IN A FLUID AT REST. -

3.3 ABSOLUTE PRESSURE AND GAUGE PRESSURE .

3.4.- PRESSURE MEASUREMENT .

3.5.- FORCE ON A PLANE AREA .

SUBJECT 4: CHARACTERISTICS OF LIQUID FLOW. FUNDAMENTAL EQUATIONS

4.1.- DEFINITIONS.

4.2.- MAIN TYPES OF FLOW

4.3. CONTINUITY EQUATION.

4.4. ENERGY EQUATION. Bernoulli's Theorem. Applications of Bernoulli's Theorem

4.5. POWER IN FLUID FLOW

4.6. PRINCIPLE OF QUANTITY OF MOTION. Application of the equation of quantity of motion in fixed ducts.

SUBJECT 5: SIMILARITY AND DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS

5.1 EXPERIMENTATION IN HYDRAULICS. DIMENSIONAL EQUATIONS. PI BUCKINGHAM'S THEOREM

5.2.- DIMENSIONAL EQUATIONS IN HYDRAULICS.

5.3.- TESTS: PROTOTYPE AND MODEL.

5.4.- SIMILARITY OF MODELS. DYNAMIC SIMILARITY AND PRESSURE GRADIENT: EULER'S NUMBER. DYNAMIC SIMILARITY WITH GRAVITY PREDOMINANCE: FROUDE'S NUMBER. DYNAMIC SIMILARITY WITH PREDOMINANCE OF VISCOSITY: REYNOLDS NUMBER.

SUBJECT 6: STEADY STATE FORCED CONDUITS

6.1.- INTRODUCTION: LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW, CRITICAL REYNOLDS NUMBER, HYDRAULIC RADIUS, HYDRAULIC DIAMETER.

6.2.- PRESSURE DROP IN CONSTANT CROSS-SECTION DUCTS

6.3. - PRESSURE DROP IN CIRCULAR DUCTS. - DARCY WEISBACH EQUATION

6.4.- CALCULATION OF PRESSURE DROP IN LAMINAR REGIME. CALCULATION OF PRESSURE DROP IN TURBULENT REGIME.

6.5.- COLEBROOK FORMULA AND MOODY DIAGRAM.

6.6.- FORM OF CALCULATION IN THE BASIC PROBLEMS IN PIPES

6.7.- LOCAL HEAD LOSSES (SECONDARY, ACCIDENTAL, OF FITTINGS)

SUBJECT 07: VARIABLE REGIME IN PRESSURISED PIPES.WATER HAMMER

INSTANTANEOUS CLOSURE 1.-Fundamentals 2.- Propagation of the wave 3. Allievi's formula .4.- Speed of sound .5.- Celerity of the wave in pipelines

7.2.- GRADUAL CLOSURE .1.- Classification 2.- Ceiling, or envelope, of pressures in long pipes .3.- Calculation of the critical length .4.- Value of the water hammer in short pipes .5.

7.3. IMPULSIONS .1. Flow cancellation time .2. Waterhammer reduction devices

SUBJECT 8: CHANNELS

8.1. INTRODUCTION

8.2.- TYPES OF CHANNELS .- TYPES OF FLOW .- VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION

8.3.- GEOMETRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SIMPLE SECTIONS. 8.4.

8.4.- ENERGY EQUATION IN STEADY FLOW 8.5.

8.5.- SHEAR STRESS IN THE WALLS OF THE STEADY AND UNIFORM REGIME. ADMISSIBLE VELOCITIES

8.6.- CONTINUOUS HEAD LOSSES AND LOCALISED LOSSES 8.7.

8.7.- VARIATION OF FLOW AND VELOCITY IN THE DRAUGHT 8.8.

8.8.- HYDRAULICALLY OPTIMUM SECTION

SUBJECT 9: TURBOMACHINES.

1.- TURBOMACHINES BASIS AND DEFINITION

2.- TECHNICAL WORK OR INNER WORK ON THE SHAFT - CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO THE DIRECTION OF FLOW IN THE IMPELLER 3.

3.- LOSSES, POWERS AND EFFICIENCIES.

4.- SIMILARITY IN TURBOMACHINES.

SUBJECT 10: PUMPS. LIFTING STATIONS

1 INTRODUCTION

2.- TYPES OF PUMPS. - PARAMETERS INVOLVED IN THE SELECTION OF A PUMP

3.- REAL CHARACTERISTIC CURVE H-Q .- POWER AND OVERALL EFFICIENCY CURVES 4.

4.- VARIABLE ANGULAR SPEED OPERATION

5.- OPERATING POINT OF A PUMP

6.- COUPLING OF PUMPS TO THE GRID

7.- CAVITATION IN PUMPS

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

4. COURSE DESCRIPTION AND TEACHING METHODOLOGY

The teaching methodology will consist of three types of activities:

1.- Lectures in the classroom. In these classes, the lecturer will explain and explain the concepts mentioned above. Exercises related to the subject will also be solved (in Spanish).
2.-Laboratory sessions: a number of laboratory sessions will be held in the fluid mechanics teaching laboratory. These will consist of a theoretical introduction, followed by data collection by the students. The students will then analyse the results, comparing them with the theoretical concepts studied and, finally, they will produce a final individual report on each session. (in Spanish).
3.- The collective tutoring sessions will consist of discussion sessions and sharing of doubts of the students during the development of the work of the subject. (in Spanish).
In the multimodal and/or non face-to-face scenario, described below, the teaching staff involved in the teaching reserves the right not to give consent for the capture, publication, retransmission or reproduction of their speech, image, voice and explanations, in the exercise of their teaching duties, within the University of Jaén.

Students with special educational needs should contact the Student Attention Service (Servicio de Atención y Ayudas al Estudiante) in order to receive the appropriate academic support

5. ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY

There will be a written test where the student's skills in solving practical cases will be evaluated, as well as the knowledge of the key concepts related to the mechanics of incompressible fluids and their use in fluid installations. A minimum mark must be obtained in this written test in order to pass the course.
Throughout the course, the student must present all the laboratory practical reports and the proposed works, where the analytical calculations, formulas used and operation of installations and turbomachines analysed are detailed. The capacity for synthesis, writing and clarity of the document will be positively valued.
The student must compulsorily attend all the practical laboratory sessions in order to be able to take the written test and obtain a minimum mark of 4 in the laboratory evaluation.
The student's aptitude, class attendance and tutorials will be positively assessed.

For the face-to-face scenario for multimodal or mixed students, the assessment aspects, criteria, instruments and weights will be those presented in this guide when the face-to-face scenario is 100%.

When the scenario is "no presence", the evaluation will be as follows:

Ordinary and extraordinary call for the non-attendance mode:

1. Attendance and/or participation in Face-to-face and/or and/or virtual activities
Non-face-to-face Active participation in the class, Participation in the forums, Participation in group work
10%

2.- Laboratory practicals

Total or partial substitution of practical sessions by online training activities. Use of demonstration videos, practical tutorials, completion of work related to the laboratory practicals (which may be individual or group work).

20%

3.- Online test-type assessment *.

Non face-to-face Tests using the ILIAS platform or similar.

25%

4.- Online problem solving assessment *

Non-attendance

Tests to pose and solve problems.

25%

Continuous assessment **

Non-attendance

5.- Continuous assessment through individual and/or group work, multiple-choice tests, resolution of proposed exercises, elaboration of tests based on question banks made by the students themselves, etc.

20%

* In order to pass the course, the sum of both assessments must be at least 4.

** In the case of not having taken continuous assessment, the tests and problem-solving tests will have a weight of 35% each.

Aspect S1 assesses learning outcomes Resul -09 and 10 and competences CC7 and CG5.

Aspect S2 assesses learning outcomes Resul -09 and 10 and 11 and competences CC7 and CG5.

Aspect S3 assesses learning outcomes Resul -05 and 11 and competences CC7 and CG5.

6. BOOKLIST
MAIN BOOKLIST:
• Fluid dynamics : an introduction. Edition: -. Author: Rieutord, Michel. Publisher: Cham : Springer, 2015  (Library)
7. VIRTUAL / CLASSROOM TEACHING SCENARIO

Groups with a number of students below the limited capacity in the classroom.

Training activities. Format (face-to-face/online). Teaching methodology Description* 7 Practical sessions in specialised laboratories.
- 7 practical sessions in specialised laboratories. 100% face-to-face. Development of 7 practical sessions, each lasting two hours, in laboratories.
- 29 Sessions of theory and problems on the contents of the programme. 50% attendance. 29 sessions of participative master classes and exercise resolution, each lasting one hour, carried out in the classroom and broadcast by videoconference to the rest of the group. Periodic rotation of students.
- Tutorials. Face-to-face + Online. Some tutorial sessions will be face-to-face and others online (synchronous and asynchronous). A forum on the subject will also be created as a complementary means of communication.
*Provided that the necessary technical resources are available for videoconferencing, which must at least include a camera and microphones: in classrooms, laboratories and the homes of teaching staff and students.

Groups with more than the limited number of students in the classroom.
- 7 Practical sessions in specialised laboratories. 100% face-to-face. Development of 7 practical sessions, each lasting two hours, in laboratories applying the rotation in small groups of 50%. Retransmission of practical classes to the rest of the group.
- 29 Sessions of theory and problems on the contents of the programme. 50% face-to-face. 29 sessions of participative master classes and exercise resolution, each lasting one hour, carried out in the classroom and retransmitted by videoconference to the rest of the group. Periodic rotation of students.
- Tutorials. Face-to-face + Online. Some tutorial sessions will be face-to-face and others online (synchronous and asynchronous). A forum on the subject will also be created as a complementary means of communication.
*Provided that the necessary technical resources are available for videoconferencing, which must at least include a camera and microphones: in classrooms, laboratories and the homes of teaching staff and students.

8. VIRTUAL TEACHING SCENARIO

Training activities. Format (classroom/online). Teaching methodology Description
- 7 practical sessions in specialised laboratories. 100% face-to-face. Substitution of the 7 practical sessions by online training activities. Use of demonstration videos, practical tutorials, work related to the laboratory practices (which may be individual or group work).
- 29 Sessions of theory and problems on the contents of the programme. 50% face-to-face. 29 sessions of participative lectures and resolution of exercises, of one hour's duration, carried out by videoconference.
- Tutorials. Face-to-face + Online. Tutorials will be held online (synchronous and asynchronous). A forum on the subject will also be created as a complementary means of communication.

DATA PROTECTION CLAUSE (on line exams)

Institution in charge of data processing: Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, s/n, 23071 Jaén

Data Protection Delegate: dpo@ujaen.es

Purpose: In accordance with the Universities Law and other national and regional regulations in force, carrying out exams and assessment tests corresponding to the courses students are registered in. In order to avoid frauds while sitting the exam, the exam will be answered using a videoconference system, being able the academic staff of the University of Jaén to compare and contrast the image of the person who is answering the exam with the student's photographic files. Likewise, in order to provide the exam with evidential content for revisions or claims, in accordance with current regulation frameworks, the exam will be recorded and stored.

Legitimacy: compliance with legal obligations (Universities Law) and other national and regional regulations currently in force.

Addressees: service providers who are the owners of the platforms where the exams are carried out and with whom the University of Jaén has signed the corresponding data access contracts.

Storage periods: those established in current in force regulations. In the specific case of exam videoconference recordings, not before the examination records and transcripts are closed or the exam can still be reviewed or challenged.

Rights: you can exercise your right of access, amendment, cancellation, opposition, suppression, limitation and portability by sending a letter to the postal or electronic address indicated above. In the event that you consider that your rights have been violated, you may submit a complaint to the Andalusian Council for Transparency and Data Protection www.ctpdandalucia.es

CLASS RECORDING CLAUSE PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION

Person in charge: Universidad de Jaén, Paraje Las Lagunillas, s/n; Tel.953 212121; www.ujaen.es

Data protection delegate (DPO): TELEFÓNICA, S.A.U. ; Email: dpo@ujaen.es

Procedure aim: To manage proper recordings of teaching sessions with the aim of facilitating learning process under a multimodal and/or online teaching

Period for record storage: Images will be kept during legal term according to regulations in force

Legitimacy: Data will be managed according to legal regulations (Organic Law 6/2001, December 21, on Universities) and given consent provided by selecting corresponding box in legal admission documents

Data recipients (transfers or assignments): Any person allowed to get access to every teaching modality

Rights: You may exercise your rights of access, rectification, cancellation, portability, limitation of processing, deletion or, where appropriate, opposition. To exercise these rights, you must submit a written request to the Information, Registration and Electronic Administration Service of the University of Jaen at the address above, or by e-mail to the address above. You must specify which of these rights you are requesting to be satisfied and, at the same time, you must attach a photocopy of your ID card or equivalent identification document. In case you act through a representative, legal or voluntary, you must also provide a document that proves this representation and identification. Likewise, if you consider that your right to personal data protection has been violated, you may file a complaint with the Andalusian Data Protection and Transparency Council www.ctpdandalucia.es