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Syllabus 2019-20 - 10413003 - Environmental Chemistry (Química ambiental)

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  • Level 1: Tutorial support sessions, materials and exams in this language
  • Level 2: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams and seminars in this language
  • Level 3: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams, seminars and regular lectures in this language
DEGREE: Grado en Ciencias Ambientales
FACULTY: FACULTY OF EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCES

ACADEMIC YEAR: 2019-20
SYLLABUS
1. COURSE BASIC INFORMATION
NAME: Environmental Chemistry
CODE: 10413003 ACADEMIC YEAR: 2019-20
LANGUAGE: English LEVEL: 2
ECTS CREDITS: 6.0 YEAR: 4 SEMESTER: SC
 
2. LECTURER BASIC INFORMATION
NAME: QUIJANO LÓPEZ, Mª LUISA
DEPARTMENT: U128 - QUÍMICA INORGÁNICA Y ORGÁNICA
FIELD OF STUDY: 765 - QUÍMICA ORGÁNICA
OFFICE NO.: B3 - B3-446 E-MAIL: lquijano@ujaen.es P: 953212741
WEBSITE: -
LANGUAGE: - LEVEL: 2
 
NAME: ILLÁN CABEZA, NURIA ANTONIA
DEPARTMENT: U128 - QUÍMICA INORGÁNICA Y ORGÁNICA
FIELD OF STUDY: 760 - QUÍMICA INORGÁNICA
OFFICE NO.: B3 - 463 E-MAIL: naillan@ujaen.es P: 953 212949
WEBSITE: -
LANGUAGE: - LEVEL: 2
 
3. CONTENT DESCRIPTION

Section 1: Origin, applications and environmental impact of inorganic compounds.

Unit 1: Introduction to Environmental Chemistry.

1.1. Introduction 1.2. Definition 1.3. Pollution. Air pollution. Water pollution. Soil pollution.

Unit 2: Origin of chemical elements. Formation and structure of the Earth.

2.1. Origin of chemical elements 2.1.1. Introduction 2.1.2. Nucleus structure 2.1.3. Universe Origin 2.1.4. Nuclear Synthesis 2.2. Formation and structure of the Earth.

Unit 3: Hydrogen.

3.1. Properties and general characteristics 3.2. Hydrides 3.3. Hydrogen economy 3.4. Fuel cells.

Unit 4: Nitrogen

4.1. Introduction. Compounds: Dinitrogen. Ammonia and others hydrides. Oxides of nitrogen: structure and properties. Nitric Acid and nitrates. 4.2. Biological chemistry of nitrogen 4.3. Nitrogen cycle 4.4. Nitrogen in agriculture. Fertilisers. Side effects of fertilisers. Environmental impact of fertilisers. 4.5. Atmospheric chemistry of nitrogen 3.6.  Control of NOx emissions.

Unit 5: Oxygen

5.1. Introduction. Compounds: dioxygen and ozone 5.2. Oxygen cycle 5.3. Atmospheric chemistry of oxygen and ozone layer.

Unit 6: Carbon

6.1. Introduction 6.2. Carbon oxides: CO y CO 2 6.3. Carbon cycle 6.4. Atmospheric chemistry of  carbon 6.5. Global warming 6.6. Control of emissions: CO and hydrocarbons.

Unit 7: Sulfur.

7.1. Introduction. Compounds: sulfur oxides and oxoacids 7.2. Biological chemistry of sulfur 7.3. Sulfur cycle 7.4. Atmospheric chemistry of sulfur 7.5. Control of SOx emissions.

Unit 8: Toxic Inorganic Compounds.

8.1. Toxic elements 8.2. Heavy metals 8.3. Toxic inorganic compounds. 

Section 2: Origin, applications and environmental impact of
organic compounds

UNIT 1: STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS.
1.1. Introduction. 1.2. Molecular bond in organic chemistry.1.3. stereochemistry and reactivity 1.4. Intermolecular forces. 1.5. Properties of organic compounds. 1.6. Acidity and basicity of organic compounds.
UNIT 2: INTRODUCTION TO THE CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN ORGANIC
COMPOUNDS.

2.1. Introduction. 2.2. Classification of organic reactions. 2.3.
Study of some interesting organic reactions in the
environment.
UNIT 3: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN THE ENVIRONMENT

3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Activity and effects. 3.3. Fuels 3.4. Study
of some organic pollutants.

UNIT 4: ALTERNATIVE USE FOR PLAGUICIDES: SEMIOCHEMICAL AND
PHEROMONES.

4.1. General considerations. 4.2 definition and environmental
interest. 4.3. Types of semiochemicals. 4.4 Structure and interest
of pheromones. 4.5. Processes mediated by semiochemicals. 4.6.
Environmental impact.


UNIT 5: SYNTHETIC METHODOLOGIES SUSTAINABLE WITH THE
ENVIRONMENT.

5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Basic principles of Sustainable Chemistry.
5.3. Extension and use of green chemistry.


UNIT 6: BIOMONITORS AND BIOMARKERS AS INDICATORS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE.
6.1. Introduction. 6.2. Biomonitoring and technologies. Biomarkers and isotopes and earth history.

LAB EXPERIMENTS.

Determination of NaOH in cleaning products

Effect of nitric and sulfuric acids in marble and metallic iron

Adsorbent effect of activate carbon in water pollutants

Determination of active chlorine in bleach.


4. COURSE DESCRIPTION AND TEACHING METHODOLOGY

Theoretical classes (3,2 ECTS): Presentation of the units
with the use of TIC. Teaching material is available on the virtual
platform at the university, library and internet.

Practical classes (1,0 ECTS): Students, will make several labs
experiments related to the
theoretical class. The results obtained will be
analyzed and discussed among all the participants and finally, the
conclusions will be writed in the lab notebook.

Academically directed activities (1,6 ECTS):

A) Study and discussion of daily news related with
the theoretical program.

B) Presentation of report and deba on the content of
documentaries related to the subject and projected during the
development of the theoretical classes.

C) Resolution of exercises in classroom and laboratory.

D) Analysis of scientific bibliography.

Tutorials (0.2 ECTS): Specialized tutorials will be carried out to
supervise the activities proposed in class.

Students with special educational needs should contact the Student Attention Service (Servicio de Atención y Ayudas al Estudiante) in order to receive the appropriate academic support

5. ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY

The following assessment criteria have been taken into
account to reach the final mark (100%) :

Attendance and participation: 10 %
Exam: 60%
Exercise resolution: 20%
Laboratory notebook: 10%

6. BOOKLIST
MAIN BOOKLIST:
  • The elements on earth: inorganic chemistry in the environment. Edition: -. Author: Cox, P. A.. Publisher: Oxford [etc.]: Oxford University Press, imp. 1997  (Library)
  • Environmental organic chemistry: illustrative examples, problems, and case studies. Edition: -. Author: Schwarzenbach, René P.. Publisher: New York [etc.]: John Wiley, cop. 1995  (Library)
  • An INTRODUCTION to environmental chemistry. Edition: -. Author: -. Publisher: Oxford: Blackwell Science, cop. 1996  (Library)
  • Environmental organic chemistry. Edition: -. Author: Schwarzenbach, René P.. Publisher: New York [etc.]: John Wiley, 1993  (Library)
  • Introduction to environmental forensics [Recurso electrónico]. Edition: 2nd ed.. Author: -. Publisher: Amsterdam ; Boston : Academic Press, c2007.  (Library)