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Syllabus 2019-20 - 10211008 - Physics for Biologists (Física para biólogos)

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  • Level 1: Tutorial support sessions, materials and exams in this language
  • Level 2: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams and seminars in this language
  • Level 3: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams, seminars and regular lectures in this language
DEGREE: Grado en Biología
FACULTY: FACULTY OF EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCES

ACADEMIC YEAR: 2019-20
SYLLABUS
1. COURSE BASIC INFORMATION
NAME: Physics for Biologists
CODE: 10211008 ACADEMIC YEAR: 2019-20
LANGUAGE: English LEVEL: 2
ECTS CREDITS: 6.0 YEAR: 1 SEMESTER: SC
 
2. LECTURER BASIC INFORMATION
NAME: GIMÉNEZ MARTÍN, ELENA
DEPARTMENT: U116 - FÍSICA
FIELD OF STUDY: 385 - FÍSICA APLICADA
OFFICE NO.: A3 - 418 E-MAIL: egimenez@ujaen.es P: 953212429
WEBSITE: http://dv.ujaen.es/docencia/goto_docencia_crs_311853.html
LANGUAGE: - LEVEL: 2
 
3. CONTENT DESCRIPTION

THEME 1: INTRODUCTION

Relation between Physics and Biology. Measurement standards and unit systems. Dimensional analysis. Laws of scale: size, shape and life Scalars and vectors.

THEME 2 KINEMATICS

Vector position. Speed vector. Acceleration vector. Classification of movements. Composition of movements. Relative movement. The ear

THEME 3: DYNAMICS

Strength. Newton's Laws. Particle systems. Center of masses. Amount of movement: conservation theorem. Kinetic moment: conservation theorem. Rigid solid.

THEME 4: STATIC

Balance of translation. Moment of a force. Rotation balance. Stability

THEME 5: WORK AND ENERGY

Work and mechanical power. Kinetic energy. Conservative forces. Potential energy. Potential gravitational energy. Elastic potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy. Energy in living beings.

TOPIC 6: INTRODUCTION TO THERMODYNAMICS

Temperature and heat. Thermal balance. Temperature scale. Work. First law of thermodynamics: internal energy. Thermodynamic processes. Irreversibility. Concept of entropy. The second law in biology.

TOPIC 7: ELASTICITY

Stress and deformation. Compression and traction. Tangential stress. Torque. Elasticity of DNA and proteins.

TOPIC 8: FLUID STATICS

Fluid concept. Pressure and density. Fundamental equation of fluid statics. Pascal principle. Archimedes principle. Balance of submerged and floating bodies.

TOPIC 9: FLUID DYNAMICS


Current lines: continuity equation. Bernouilli's theorem. Applications of Bernouilli's Theorem. Viscosity. Loss of head of a conduction. Laminar regime: law of Poiseuille. The heart.

TOPIC 10. SURFACE PHENOMENA

Surface tension. Pressure due to curvature: Laplace's law. Capillarity and contact angle. Osmosis. Diffusion. Transport through biological membranes. Gas exchange in the lungs.

TOPIC 11: NOTIONS OF ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

Electric charge. Coulomb Law. Concept of Electric Field. Electric dipole. Potential. Electric current: Ohm's law. Resistance. Electromotive force. Condenser. Magnetic field. Movement of particles crapped in a magnetic field: applications.

TOPIC 12: BIOELECTRIC POTENTIALS

Transport of ions through the cell membrane. Nerst equation. Membrane potential. Donnan equilibrium. Sodium-Potassium pump. Nervous impulse: action potential.

TOPIC 13: PRINCIPLES OF GEOMETRIC OPTICS

Propagation of light. Refractive index. Dispersion. Snell's Laws. Total reflection. Flat dioptrium. Mirrors. Thin lenses. The eye.

TOPIC 14: RADIATION AND RADIOACTIVITY

Introduction to Atomic and Nuclear Physics. Ionizing radiation. Dosimetry.

Practices:

Statics: Study of a system in static equilibrium. Elasticity: Determination of the elastic constant of a spring. Fluids: Determination of the viscosity of a fluid. Determination of the density of a solid. Thermodynamics: Determination of the expansion coefficient of a liquid. Optics: Determination of the focal length of a converging lens. Radioactivity: Determination of background environmental radiation.

4. COURSE DESCRIPTION AND TEACHING METHODOLOGY

DETAILED INFORMATION:

 

The theoretical and practical contents of the program topics will be developed in large group lectures. The necessary information, topics and problem relationships will be available on the ILIAS platform.

In the seminars the proposed problems are completed and the participation of the students to the resolution of the same in the class is valued.

Likewise, topics related to the practical contents of the program will be proposed to present presentations in the groups of directed activities.

The didactic resources of support for the development of the subject, subjects, problems, exams solved from other courses, will be collected in the corresponding space of the ILIAS platform.

Finally, the delivery of exercises, seminars, practices, etc, will be carried out virtually through the subject page, ILIAS.

 

Students with special educational needs should contact the Student Attention Service (Servicio de Atención y Ayudas al Estudiante) in order to receive the appropriate academic support

5. ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY

DETAILED INFORMATION:

The exam, which will be taken on the date determined by the University, will be a written test in which there will be, in a weighted way, theory questions (40%-50%) and practical problems (60%-50%). The aim is to ascertain the degree of assimilation of the theoretical content of the subject, as well as whether the student has been able to reach the required competencies.

The theoretical part includes a battery of multiple choice questions.

With the exam the following competences will be evaluated: CE1, CT1, CT3, CT4, CT5, CT6, CT7 and CT9.

The report of the four practices will contribute with 1.5 points to the final grade of the subject. All internships are delivered at the end of the internship in a single document in docx format, which will be uploaded through the ILIAS platform within the indicated period of time. The internship note is reserved for two consecutive academic years.

The internship report will be used to evaluate the following competencies: CE1, CG1, CG5, CT1, CT2, CT3, CT5, CT6, CT7, CT8, CT9 and CT10.

6. BOOKLIST
MAIN BOOKLIST:
  • Physics for scientists and engineers. Edition: 6th ed. Author: Paul Allen Tipler. Publisher: New York : W.H. Freeman, c2008-  (Library)
ADDITIONAL BOOKLIST:
  • Física para la ciencia y la tecnología.. Edition: 6a ed., reimp. Author: Tipler, Paul Allen. Publisher: Barcelona : Reverté, cop. 2010  (Library)
  • Física para la ciencia y la tecnología.. Edition: 6ª ed.. Author: Tipler, Paul A.. Publisher: Barcelona : Reverté, D.L. 2010.  (Library)