## Syllabus 2018-19 - 13512014 - High voltage electrical facilities (Instalaciones eléctricas de alta tensión)

Caption
• Level 1: Tutorial support sessions, materials and exams in this language
• Level 2: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams and seminars in this language
• Level 3: Tutorial support sessions, materials, exams, seminars and regular lectures in this language
DEGREE: Grado en Ingeniería eléctrica (13512014)
FACULTY: SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING OF JAÉN

DEGREE: Doble grado en Ingeniería eléctrica e Ingeniería mecánica (13612017)
FACULTY: SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING OF JAÉN

DEGREE: Doble grado en Ingeniería eléctrica e Ingeniería electrónica industrial (13712020)
FACULTY: SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING OF JAÉN

SYLLABUS
1. COURSE BASIC INFORMATION
 NAME: High voltage electrical facilities CODE: 13512014 (*) ACADEMIC YEAR: 2018-19 LANGUAGE: English LEVEL: 2 ECTS CREDITS: 9.0 YEAR: 3 SEMESTER: SC

2. LECTURER BASIC INFORMATION
 NAME: SÁNCHEZ SUTIL, FRANCISCO JOSÉ DEPARTMENT: U120 - INGENIERÍA ELÉCTRICA FIELD OF STUDY: 535 - INGENIERÍA ELÉCTRICA OFFICE NO.: A3 - 230 E-MAIL: fssutil@ujaen.es P: 953212466 WEBSITE: - LANGUAGE: - LEVEL: 2
3. CONTENT DESCRIPTION

Schedule of theory

Teaching unit 1: Overhead power lines

Block 1: Overhead power lines constituent elements

Topic 1: Conductors

1.- Introduction

2.- Electrical and mechanical characteristics

3.- Phase conductors

4.- Ground conductors

Topic 2: Supports

1.- Introduction and general characteristics

2.- Classification

3.- Types of supports

Topic 3: Insulators and Hardware

1.- Introduction

2.- Insulators

3.- Hardware

4.- Type Chains

5.- Level of insulation

6.- Electrical calculation of the chain of insulators

7.- Mechanical calculation of the chain of insulators

8.- Distribution of potentials in chains of insulators

Block 2: Mechanical calculations on overhead power lines

Topic 4: Charges and Overcharges to Consider in a High Voltage Airline

1.- Introduction

2.- Permanent charges

3.- Effort of the wind on the airlines

4.- Effect of ice on airlines

5.- Combined effect of wind and ice

Topic 5: Calculating conductors

1.- Catenary

2.- Control span or canton

3.- Maximum allowable strength

4.- Vibratory phenomena

5.- Maximum arrows in phase conductors and earth cables

Topic 6: Calculation of supports

1.- Efforts that occur in the supports

2.- Calculation hypothesis

3.- Security coefficients

4.- Development of the calculation hypotheses by type of support

5.- Calculation of supports with change of conductor

6.- Calculation of supports in change of zone

7.- Calculation of supports in crash or by shunt

8.- Safety distances in the support

9.- Situation of the heights of the different elements in the supports

10.- Change of conductor plane

Topic 7: Choice of standard supports

1.- Use of catalogs

2.- Step of vertical efforts to horizontal

3.- Change of efforts according to safety coefficients

4.- Choice of crosspieces and assemblies

5.- Choice of support for efforts

6.- Optimization of the election

7.- Situation of the heights of the different elements in the supports

Topic 8: Calculation of Foundations

1.- General characteristics

2.- Start-up check

3.- Compression check

4.- One block foundations

5.- Fractionated foundations

Topic 9: Measurements and area of âââââââ€š¬Å¡¬Å¡¬ââââââ‚¬Å¡¬Å¡¬âÅ Æâââ€š¬ââ€ž¢1;âââââââ€š¬Å¡¬Å¡¬ââââââ‚¬Å¡¬Å¡¬âÅ Æâââ€š¬ââ€ž¢1;occupancy

1.- Measurements

2.- Occupancy area

3.- List of goods and rights

Topic 10: Graphics of use of supports and crossbars

1.- Generalities

2.- Support of alignment-suspension

3.- Support of alignment-mooring

4.- Alignment-anchor support

5.- Angle-Suspension Support

6.- Support of angle-mooring

7.- Angle-anchor support

8.- Line start-end support

9.- Graphics of use of crossbars

Block 3: Electrical calculations on overhead power lines

Topic 11: Introduction to Electrical Calculations

1.- Fundamental constants of the lines

2.- Constant characteristics derived from fundamental

3.- Current density of a conductor

4.- Maximum permissible intensity

5.- Determination of the section of a conductor by maximum power

6.- Determination of the section of a conductor by voltage drop

Topic 12: Short lines

1.- Vector diagram. Voltage fall

2.- Types of lines

3.- Power transmission

4.- Regulation

5.- Maximum power with a certain regulation

Topic 13: Middle lines

1.- T-equivalent method

2.- Equivalent method in P

Topic 14: Long lines

1.- Introduction

2.- Voltage and current at any point on the line

3.- Application of hyperbolic forms

4.- Characteristic values âââââââ€š¬Å¡¬Å¡¬ââââââ‚¬Å¡¬Å¡¬âÅ Æâââ€š¬ââ€ž¢1;âââââââ€š¬Å¡¬Å¡¬ââââââ‚¬Å¡¬Å¡¬âÅ Æâââ€š¬ââ€ž¢1;of a line

5.- Limit operation of a line

6.- Direct wave and reflected wave

7 .- Transmission line as two-port network

Topic 15: Voltage regulation

1.- Introduction

2.- Relationship between the nature of the load, type of line and voltage drop

3.- Regulation of the voltage in electrical lines. Methods of regulation

5.- Calculation of the powers of the machines necessary to regulate

Topic 16: Crown Effect

1.- Introduction

2.- Voltages that produce the corona effect

Teaching unit 2: Underground high voltage lines

Block 4: Constituent elements of high voltage underground lines

Topic 17: General of high voltage underground lines

1.- Standard voltages

2.- Levels of insulation

3.- Cables

4.- Accessories

Topic 18: Types of installations in underground lines

1.- Introduction

2.- Directly buried

3.- In tubing

4.- In galleries

5.- In atarjeas or registrable channels

6.- In trays, supports, moths or directly attached to the wall

7.- In the aquatic bottoms

8.- Air-ground conversions

Block 5: Electrical calculation in underground high voltage lines

Topic 19: Calculation of drivers

1.- By voltage drop

2.- By maximum intensity in steady state

3.- By short circuit

Unit 3: Transformation centers and substations

Block 6: Constituent elements of transformation centers and substations

Topic 20: High-voltage switchgear

1.- Introduction

2.- Nominal characteristics of the high voltage switchgear

3.- Previous concepts regarding the extinction of the arc in alternating current

4.- Breaking Techniques

5.- Breakers

6.- Switches and circuit breakers

7.- Fuse cutouts

8.- Protection relays

9.- Blocking coils

Topic 21: Transformers of measurement and protection

1.- Introduction

2.- Current Transformers

3.- Transformers of tension

4.- Regulatory requirements

Topic 22: Sizing of conductors and rods

1.- Introduction

2.- Conductors used

3.- Bare drivers

4.- Sizing by voltage drop

5.- Dimensioning by current density

6.- Dimensioning by short circuit

7.- Choice of the most profitable section

8.- Efforts caused by short circuits

Block 7: Transformation centers

Topic 23: Constitution of transformation centers

1.- Classification of transformation centers

2.- Basic components of a transformation center

3.- Interior layout of transformation centers

Topic 24: Additional facilities of the processing center

1.- Ventilation of transformation centers

2.- Lighting and signaling

3.- Fire protection

Block 8: Substations

Topic 25: Characteristics of electrical substations

1.- Introduction

2.- Security and regulations

3.- Main elements

4.- Configurations

5.- Exploitation

6.- Local control, remote control and telecontrol

7.- Hierarchical levels of command

8.- Interlocking

9.- General characteristics of the power unit

10.- Coordination of insulation

11.- General criteria for defining the configuration of a substation

12.- Example of double maneuvers with transfer bar

13.- IP Encoding

14.- IK coding

Topic 26: AIS, GIS and HIS Substations

1.- AIS Substations

2.- GIS Substations

3.- HIS Substations

Teaching unit 4: Earthing installations

Block 7: Concepts, methods and calculation processes

Topic 27: Concepts and definitions of earthing systems

1.- Introduction

2.- Resistivity of the terrain

3.- Selection of the conductor and the joints

4.- Ground fault currents

5.- Stream flow through the terrain

6.- Electrode ground resistance

Block 8: Calculation Methods and Processes

Topic 28: Calculation Methods

1.- Method of Unesa

2.- Howe Method

3.- Maxwell Method

4.- IEEE Std-80 Method

5.- Determination of the unit coefficients

6.- Determination of the earth resistance

7.- Absolute electrode potential

8.- Calculation of the minimum length of buried cable

Topic 29: Calculation of earthing in supports

1.- Generalities

2.- Regulatory conditions

3.- Industrial frequency dimensioning of earthing systems

4.- Sizing with respect to the security of the people

5.- Classification of the supports according to their location

6.- Verification of the design of the earthing system

7.- Difficult earthing conditions

Topic 30: Calculation of earthing at transformation centers and substations

1.- Maximum permissible loads in a plant

2.- Calculation procedure

3.- Difficult earthing conditions

4.- Elements of earthing installations and mounting conditions

5.- Determination of the fault currents for the calculation of the contact and contact voltages

6.- Separation of low voltage neutral

Teaching unit 5: Overvoltages in high voltage installations

Block 9: Coordination of insulation and surges in electrical networks

Topic 31: Coordination of isolation

1.- Introduction and objectives

2.- Overvoltages in high voltage electrical networks

3.- Characteristics and behavior of insulation

4.- Surge protection

5.- Coordination of insulation

Topic 32: Overvoltages in high voltage installations

1.- Introduction

2.- Temporary overvoltages

3.- Slow front overvoltages

4.- Rapid front overvoltages

5.- Very fast front-side overvoltages

Topic 33: Shielding of power lines and substations

1.- Introduction

2.- Shielding of electrical lines

3.- Total shielding angle

4.- Shielding of electrical substations

5. Shielding with guard cables

6.- Shielding with Franklin tips

7.- Special cases of shielding of substations

8.- Comparison between Franklin tips and guard cables

Topic 34: Surge protection. Lighting rod

1.- Introduction

2. Characteristics of non-explosive variable resistance lightning rods

3.- Lightning selection criteria

Schedule of practice

Practice 1: Surveying

1 .- What is a topographic profile?

2.- Guitar

3.- Methods for obtaining the topography of an electric line

Practice 2: Obtaining the longitudinal profile of the power line

1.- Determination of the initial and final points of the line

2.- Introduction of vertices

3.- Several traces in the same project

Practice 3: Accidents and crossings with the power line

1.- Electrical isolation distances to avoid discharges

2.- Special requirements

3 .- Crossings. Distances. Parallelisms

4.- Accidents

Practice 4: Determination of the conductor to be used in the line according to the transport power

1.- Current density

2.- Maximum current in the conductor by thermal limit

3.- Maximum power by thermal limit

4.- Resistance in an overhead power line

5.- Self-induction in an overhead power line

6.- Reactance in an overhead power line

7.- Maximum power by voltage drop. Electric moment

Practice 5: Plotting and editing the line

1.- Plotting

2.- Edition

Practice 6: Calculation of Regulatory Voltages and Laying Table

1.- Regulatory Hypotheses

2.- Vibratory phenomena

3.- Laying table

Practice 7: Calculation of supports

1.- Hypothesis

2.- Distances in the support

Practice 8: Choice of supports and crosspieces

1.- Determination of the catalog

2.- Choice of crossbars and assemblies

3.- Choice of supports

Practice 9: Foundations

1.- One block foundations

2.- Split fractions

Practice 10: Measurements

1.- Excavation volume

2.- Concrete volume

3.- Length of the line

4.- Length of conductor

5.- Weight of the driver

6.- Weight of the supports

7.- Number of mooring and suspension chains

1.- Determination of the lowering auxiliary elements

2.- Calculation of the section by voltage drop

3.- Calculation of the section by thermal limit

4.- Calculation of the section by short circuit

Practice 12: Choice of Transformation Center Protections

1.- Sectional elements

2.- Cutting elements

3.- Fuses

4.- Voltage transformers

5.- Current Transformers

Practice 13: Calculation of sections and conductors and center bars

1.- Calculation of the section by voltage drop

2.- Calculation of the section by thermal limit

3.- Calculation of the section by short circuit

4.- Calculation of the electrodynamic forces by short circuit

Practice 14: Calculation of earthing of power line supports

1.- Calculation of the voltages of passage, contact and passage in the access of standars

2.- Determination of the earthing electrode

3.- Calculation of the earth resistance and fault current

4.- Calculation of the unit coefficients Kp, Kc, Kpacc

5.- Comparison between regulatory and installation voltages

6.- Corrective measures

Practice 15: Calculation of the earthing of the transformation center

1.- Calculation of the voltages of passage, contact and passage in the access of standars

2.- Determination of the earthing electrode

3.- Calculation of the earth resistance and fault current

4.- Calculation of the unit coefficients Kp, Kc, Kpacc

5.- Comparison between regulatory and installation voltages

6.- Corrective measures

4. COURSE DESCRIPTION AND TEACHING METHODOLOGY

- Exposure classes of theory and practical examples
- Exhibition of works of students
- Practical classes

Students with special educational needs should contact the Student Attention Service (Servicio de Atención y Ayudas al Estudiante) in order to receive the appropriate academic support

5. ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY

• Theoretical and practical at the end of the semester that will be a value in the final grade of 60% written exam. In this test the skills cel2, CT2 and CT4 and learning outcomes 2, 3 and 4 are evaluated.
• Work experience with delivering a project of a power line and subeterránea AERES with high voltage transformer. complete with a weight on the final grade of 15%. This section cel2 skills, CT1, CT2 and CT4 and learning outcomes 2, 3 and 4 are evaluated.
• Working on a topic of the course and exhibition of the same class will have a total value on the subject of 15%. This section cel2 skills, CT1, CT2 and CT4 and learning outcomes 2, 3 and 4 are evaluated.
• Attendance at practical classes and sessions exhibition of work by 10%. This section cel2 skills, CT1, CT2 and CT4 and learning outcomes 2, 3 and 4 are evaluated.
• To get pass the course must be obtained in the written test at least 5 out of 10.

6. BOOKLIST
MAIN BOOKLIST:
• Over head power lines planning, design, construction. Edition: 2003. Author: Kiessling, F., Nefzger, P., Nolasco, J.F., Kaintzyk, U.. Publisher: Springer  (Library)